Eclipse SUMO - Simulation of Urban MObility

Eclipse SUMO is an highly portable, microscopic and continuous road traffic simulation tool. It is designed to handle large road networks faster than real-time and simulates each vehicle individually.

Operating System GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows
License EPL-2.0
Supported versions Recommended version:
Full support:
Limited support:
1.2.0 - 1.8.0
1.0.1, 1.1.0


Download Eclipse SUMO

Download the SUMO binary bundle or installer from the SUMO website. Linux users may build SUMO from the source code. Please refer to the SUMO Wiki for further information.

In order to run SUMO with Eclipse MOSAIC you need to make the SUMO binaries available system wide by adding the SUMO binary folder to your PATH environment variable. Alternatively, the environment variable SUMO_HOME can be used to define the installation directory of SUMO.

We recommend using the 64 bit version of SUMO if you want to simulate scenarios with a big traffic network.


This ambassador can be configured with a configuration file. The specific path is <scenarioName>/sumo/sumo_config.json. If no such file exists, the following default configuration options are used:

	"updateInterval": 1000,
	"sumoConfigurationFile": "<scenarioName>.sumo.cfg",
	"exitOnInsertionError": true,
	"additionalSumoParameters": "--time-to-teleport 0  --seed 100000",
	"subscriptions": [ "roadposition", "signals", "emissions" ],
    "subscribeToAllVehicles": true

Next to sumo_config.json, the following configuration files are required for every SUMO simulation scenario:

└─ <scenario_name>
   └─ sumo
      ├─ <scenarioName>.net.xml .............. SUMO Network file
      ├─ <scenarioName>.rou.xml .............. SUMO Route file
      ├─ <scenarioName>.sumocfg .............. SUMO configuration file
      └─ sumo_config.json .................... Ambassador configuraition file]

The SUMO configuration consists of sumo specific config files and the sumo-ambassador configuration file. The main configuration file name must end with the suffix *.cfg, which needs to refer to the network and route files. The network file is mandatory and should be generated with the scenario-convert tool provided with Eclipse MOSAIC.

The <scenarioName>.rou.xml is optional and is generated automatically for each simulation run. The routes for each vehicle are then usualy taken from the scenario database. However, those routes can be overriden by defining them manually in the route file.

Eclipse MOSAIC ignores SUMOs *.rou.xml files
With Eclipse MOSAIC, the traffic definition (definition of vehicles, flows, vehicle types) is part of the Mapping configuration file. Any vehicles or flows defined within the <scenarioName>.rou.xml are ignored and won’t be simulated by SUMO.

Vehicle related parameters, such as acceleration, maximum speed, and the like, are configured via the Mapping configuration file. However, some SUMO specific parameters, like the car following model, needs to be configured separately in the route file. For example, if you have configured a vehicle type called MyVehicle in the Mapping configuration, you can set specific parameters for this type in the <scenarioName>.rou.xml as following:

    <vType id="MyVehicle" carFollowModel="IDM" lcKeepRight="10">

Further information about SUMO and its configuration can be found in the official SUMO wiki.

Using the SUMO GUI with Eclipse MOSAIC

It is also possible to use the graphical interface of SUMO in order to visualize and interact with the simulation. To achieve this, Eclipse MOSAIC can be configured to start the GUI process of SUMO as the federate rather than the command line interface. In order to use the SUMO GUI the file <mosaic>/etc/runtime.json needs to be edited. Here, the entry org.eclipse.mosaic.fed.sumo.ambassador.SumoAmbassador must be replaced with org.eclipse.mosaic.fed.sumo.ambassador.SumoGuiAmbassador.

Keep in mind to launch Eclipse MOSAIC with the argument -w 0 in order to disable the watchdog timer. Otherwise, it would shut down Eclipse MOSAIC if the simulation is paused in the SUMO GUI.