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[jetty-users] DirectByteBuffer native memory problems (OOM) with Jetty 9.0/9.1

Hello everybody,

I´m using jetty as standalone embedded web server behind a nginx and it is working great so far. Recently I upgraded from 7.6.4 to 9.0 and two days ago to 9.1.0.v20131115.

Since my upgrade to 9.0 i experience native memory leaks. Also with 9.1 i still have the same leaks. Native memory leaks mean, that the process memory size grows very large and then I get OOM Exceptions for DirectByteBuffers. But to get there the server process has to run for about two weeks.

Since the process has a 7 GB heap, the MaxDirectMemory Limit also seems to be 7 GB.

First i thought that the many threads started/stopped in the thread pool are the problem. I specified a idle time of -1, and still many threads are restarted. Also some answers on the web about DirectByteBuffer OOM Exceptions pointed into this direction. But i don’t think thats the problem.

I think the problem may be in ArrayByteBufferPool.  It allocates an unbound number of ByteBuffers and caches them in a unbound ConcurrentLinkedQueue. So at some peak times many buffers are used and never freed.  On the other side this doesn’t really fit with the allocated memory. At the moment the server has this direct memory allocations (according to the MBeans info):

-  Count 384
-  MemoryUsed 2728821147
-  Name direct
-  ObjectName java.nio:type=BufferPool,name=direct
-  TotalCapacity 2728821147

That would mean an medium buffer size of about 7 MB. But the ArrayByteBufferPool does, as far as i understand, only allocate a max of 64 kb sized buffers by default ?!

Current threads are: Count = 230, Maximum = 233, Started overall = 599

This numbers are after the process is running for about 32 hours. I´ve got about 320 request/minute at peak times. All this numbers are according to the embedded JavaMelody monitoring.  

The JVM arguments are:
-server -XX:+UseCompressedOops -XX:MaxPermSize=512m -Xms7000M -Xmx7000M -XX:+UseParallelOldGC -XX:+DoEscapeAnalysis -XX:+OptimizeStringConcat
JDK 1.7.0_45

The thread pool is configured this way:

tp = new QueuedThreadPool();
tp.setName("Http Server Thread Pool");

I had no such problems with jetty 7.x. Regularly calling System.gc() every hour does not help. Also the i´ve got no other GC problems.

Any ideas what could cause this problems?
Why are threads restarted in the pool even when i specify a idle timeout of -1? I also regulary schedule some own runnables on the thread pool - but they should not cause this problems, should they? They do in 99.99% of all cases not throw any exceptions.


Mit freundlichen Grüßen aus Augsburg,

Emmeran Seehuber
Dipl. Inf. (FH)
Schrannenstraße 8
86150 Augsburg
USt-IdNr.: DE266070804

Mit freundlichen Grüßen aus Augsburg,

Emmeran Seehuber
Dipl. Inf. (FH)
Schrannenstraße 8
86150 Augsburg
USt-IdNr.: DE266070804

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