About Eclipse SUMO

SUMO is a free and open source traffic simulation suite. It is available since 2001 and allows modelling of intermodal traffic systems - including road vehicles, public transport and pedestrians. Included with SUMO is a wealth of supporting tools which automate core tasks for the creation, the execution and evaluation of traffic simulations, such as network import, route calculations, visualization and emission calculation. SUMO can be enhanced with custom models and provides various APIs to remotely control the simulation.

Application Areas

SUMO has been used within several projects for answering a large variety of research questions:

  • Evaluate the performance of traffic lights, including the evaluation of modern algorithms up to the evaluation of weekly timing plans.
  • Vehicle route choice has been investigated, including the development of new methods, the evaluation of eco-aware routing based on pollutant emission, and investigations on network-wide influences of autonomous route choice.
  • SUMO was used to provide traffic forecasts for authorities of the City of Cologne during the Pope’s visit in 2005 and during the Soccer World Cup 2006.
  • SUMO was used to support simulated in-vehicle telephony behavior for evaluating the performance of GSM-based traffic surveillance.
  • SUMO is widely used by the V2X community for both, providing realistic vehicle traces, and for evaluating applications in an on-line loop with a network simulator.
  • AI training of traffic light plans.
  • Simulation of the traffic effects of autonomous vehicles and platoons.
  • Simulation and validation of autonomous driving function in cooperation with other simulators.
  • Simulation of parking traffic.
  • Simulation of railway traffic for AI-based dispatching of vehicles.
  • Traffic safety and risk analysis.
  • Calculation of emissions (noise and pollutants).


The SUMO package contains the following applications:

SUMO is licensed under the Eclipse Public License V2. “Eclipse SUMO” is a trademark of the Eclipse Foundation. If you use SUMO, please support its development by telling us about your projects, products and publications.

Citing SUMO

When citing SUMO in general, please use our current reference publication: “Microscopic Traffic Simulation using SUMO” ; Pablo Alvarez Lopez, Michael Behrisch, Laura Bieker-Walz, Jakob Erdmann, Yun-Pang Flötteröd, Robert Hilbrich, Leonhard Lücken, Johannes Rummel, Peter Wagner, and Evamarie Wießner. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2018.

          title = {Microscopic Traffic Simulation using SUMO},
         author = {Pablo Alvarez Lopez and Michael Behrisch and Laura Bieker-Walz and Jakob Erdmann and Yun-Pang Fl{\"o}tter{\"o}d and Robert Hilbrich and Leonhard L{\"u}cken and Johannes Rummel and Peter Wagner and Evamarie Wie{\ss}ner},
      publisher = {IEEE},
      booktitle = {The 21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems},
           year = {2018},
        journal = {IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC)},
       keywords = {traffic simulation, modelling, optimization},
            url = {https://elib.dlr.de/124092/}