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Version: 9.3.10.v20160621
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Managing Startup Modules

Enabling Modules
Listing Available and Active Modules

Starting with Jetty 9.1, a new Module system was introduced. (It replaced the old start.config + OPTIONS techniques from past Jetty Distributions).

The standard Jetty Distribution ships with several modules defined in ${jetty.home}/modules/

What a Jetty Startup Module Defines:

A Module Name
The name of the module is the keyword used by the --module=<name> command line argument to activate/enable modules, and also find dependant modules. + The filename of the module defines its name. (eg: server.mod becomes the module named "server")
List of Dependant Modules
All modules can declare that they depend on other modules with the [depend] section. + The list of dependencies is used to transitively resolve other modules that are deemed to be required based on the modules that you activate. + The order of modules defined in the graph of active modules is used to determine various execution order for configuration, such as Jetty IoC XML configurations, and to resolve conflicting property declarations. + Of note: there is a special section [optional] used to describe structurally dependant modules that are not technically required, but might be of use to your specific configuration.
List of Libraries
Module can optionally declare that they have libraries that they need to function properly. + The [lib] section declares a set of pathnames that follow the Jetty Base and Jetty Home path resolution rules.
List of Jetty IoC XML Configurations
A Module can optionally declare a list of Jetty IoC XML configurations used to wire up the functionality that this module defines. + The [xml] section declares a set of pathnames that follow the Jetty Base and Jetty Home path resolution rules. + Ideally, all XML files are parameterized to accept properties to configure the various elements of the standard configuration. Allowing for a simplified configuration of Jetty for the vast majority of deployments. + The execution order of the Jetty IoC XML configurations is determined by the graph of active module dependencies resolved via the [depend] sections. + If the default XML is not sufficient to satisfy your needs, you can override this XML by making your own in the $\{jetty.base}/etc/ directory, with the same name. The resolution steps for Jetty Base and Jetty Home will ensure that your copy from $\{jetty.base} will be picked up over the default one in $\{jetty.home}.
Jetty INI Template
Each module can optionally declare a startup ini template that is used to insert/append/inject sample configuration elements into the start.ini or start.d/*.ini files when using the --add-to-start=<name> or --add-to-startd=<name> command line arguments in start.jar. + Commonly used to present some of the parameterized property options from the Jetty IoC XML configuration files also referenced in the same module. + The [ini-template] section declares this section of sample configuration.
Required Files and Directories

If the activation of a module requires some paths to exist, the [files] section defines them. + There are 2 modes of operation of the entries in this section. +

Ensure Directory Exists
If you add a pathname that ends in "/" (slash), such as "webapps/", then that directory will be created if it does not yet exist in ${jetty.base}/<pathname> (eg: "webapps/" will result in ${jetty.base}/webapps/ being created)
Download File
There is a special syntax to allow you to download a file into a specific location if it doesn’t exist yet. + <url>:<pathname> + Currently, the <url> must be a http:// scheme URL (file a bug if you want more schemes supported). The <pathname> portion follows the Jetty Base and Jetty Home path resolution rules. + Example: + + This will check for the existence of lib/corp-security-policy.jar, and if it doesn’t exist, it will download the jar file from

Enabling Modules

Jetty ships with many modules defined, and a small subset predefined in the start.ini found in the jetty distribution.


The default distribution has a co-mingled ${jetty.home} and ${jetty.base}. Where the directories for ${jetty.home} and ${jetty.base} point to the same location.

+ It is highly encouraged that you learn about the differences in Jetty Base vs Jetty Home and take full advantage of this setup.

When you want enable a module, you can use the --module=<modulename> syntax on the command line (or start.ini) to enable that module and all of its dependant modules.

An example of this, with a new, empty, base directory.

We can see from this output, that the directory is new (it is empty after all).

Lets see what the configuration looks like so far

Lets try adding some basic support for webapps, with automatic deploy (hot deploy), and a single basic HTTP/1.1 connector.

That just created what we need in the ${jetty.base} directory. Lets see what it looks like configuration wise.

You now have a configured and functional server, albiet with no webapps deployed. At this point you can toss a webapp (war file) into mybase/webapps/ directory and and start Jetty

Listing Available and Active Modules

To see which modules are available, use the --list-modules command line argument. This command will also show you which modules are enabled. Here’s an example

Wow, are there really that many modules available?

Yes, the module system has grown a fair bit since it was introduced in Jetty 9


See an error or something missing? Contribute to this documentation at Github!(Generated: 2016-06-21)