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Developing JAXB Applications Using EclipseLink MOXy, Release 2.5
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Mapping Privately Owned One-to-One Relationships

This section demonstrates several ways to map a one-to-one relationship between objects. By default, one-to-one relationships are privately-owned in JAXB – their XML content will appear nested inside the owning element. For example, a Customer with a one-to-one mapping to a PhoneNumber would be marshalled as:

Example 6-1 Sample XML Mapping

<customer>
   <name>Bob Smith</name>
   <id>1982812</id>
   <phone-number>
      <area-code>613</area-code>
      <number>5550210</number>
      <extension>20016</extension>
   </phone-number>
</customer>
 

Mapping to an Element

Given the XML schema in Example 6-2, Figure 6-1 illustrates a one-to-one (1:1) relationship between two complex types.

Example 6-2 Sample XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
 
   <xsd:element name="customer" type="customer-type"/>
 
   <xsd:complexType name="customer-type">
      <xsd:element name="phone-number" type="phone-type"/>
   </xsd:complexType>
 
   <xsd:complexType name="phone-type">
      <xsd:element name="area-code" type="xsd:int"/>
      <xsd:element name="number" type="xsd:int"/>
      <xsd:element name="extension" type="xsd:int"/>
   </xsd:complexType>
 
</xsd:schema>
 

Figure 6-1 One-to-one Relationship


Example 6-3 shows how to annotate your Java class to obtain this mapping with EclipseLink. The standard JAXB @XmlElement annotation can be used to indicate that the associated Java field should be mapped to an XML element.


NoteNote:

By default, JAXB will assume all fields on your Java object are @XmlElements, so in many cases the annotation itself is not required. If, however, you want to customize the Java field's XML name, you can specify an @XmlElement annotation with a name argument.


Example 6-3 Using the @XmlElement Annotation

package example;
 
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
 
@XmlRootElement
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
public class Customer {
   @XmlElement(name="phone-number")
   private PhoneNumber phoneNumber;
 
   ...
}
 
package example;
 
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
 
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
public class PhoneNumber {
   @XmlElement(name="area-code")
   private Integer areaCode;
 
   private Integer number;
 
   private Integer extension;
 
   ...
}
 

Example 6-4 shows how to define your mapping information in an EclipseLink's XML Bindings document.

Example 6-4 Sample XML Mapping

...
<java-type name="Customer">
   <xml-root-element name="customer"/>
   <java-attributes>
      <xml-element java-attribute="phoneNumber" name="phone-number" type="PhoneNumber"/>
   </java-attributes>
</java-type>
 
<java-type name="PhoneNumber">
   <java-attributes>
      <xml-value java-attribute="areaCode" name="area-code" type="java.lang.Integer"/>
      <xml-value java-attribute="number" type="java.lang.Integer"/>
      <xml-value java-attribute="extension" type="java.lang.Integer"/>
   </java-attributes>
</java-type>
...
 

Using EclipseLink's @XmlPath Annotation

By default, your Java attributes will be mapped to XML based on their attributes Java name, or by a name specified in an @XmlElement annotation. This mapping is based on XPath, and EclipseLink's @XmlPath annotation allows you to customize this mapping. For example, you can use it to control the nesting of your elements in XML:

Example 6-5 Using the @XmlPath Annotation

package example;
 
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import org.eclipse.persistence.oxm.annotations.*;
 
@XmlRootElement
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
public class Customer {
   @XmlPath("contact-info/phone-number")
   private PhoneNumber phoneNumber;
 
   ...
}
 

Example 6-6 Using EclipseLink XML Bindings

...
<java-type name="Customer">
   <xml-root-element name="customer"/>
   <java-attributes>
      <xml-element java-attribute="phoneNumber" name="phone-number"
         type="PhoneNumber" xml-path="contact-info/phone-number"/>
   </java-attributes>
</java-type>
...
 

This will produce the following XML:

<customer>
   <contact-info>
      <phone-number>
         <number>555-631-2124</number>
      </phone-number>
   </contact-info>
</customer>
 

You can also use @XmlPath to map to different occurrences of the same element in XML, by index. For example:

Example 6-7 Using the @XmlPath Annotation

package example;
 
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;
import org.eclipse.persistence.oxm.annotations.*;
 
@XmlRootElement
@XmlAccessorType(XmlAccessType.FIELD)
public class Customer {
   @XmlPath("contact-info/phone[1]")
   private PhoneNumber homePhone;
   @XmlPath("contact-info/phone[2]")
   private PhoneNumber workPhone;
   ...
}
 

will produce the following XML:

<customer>
   <contact-info>
      <phone>
         <number>555-631-2124</number>
      </phone>
      <phone>
         <number>555-631-8298</number>
      </phone>
   </contact-info>
</customer>
 

For information on using XPath in your mappings, see "Mapping Using XPath Predicates".

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